What are the Forms of Periodontitis?
The most common forms of Periodontitis are:
- Occurs in patients who are otherwise clinically healthy.
- Common features include rapid attachment loss, bone destruction, and familial aggregation (more cases of a given disorder in close relatives of a person with the disorder than in control families.
- Most frequently-occurring form of periodontitis.
- Characterized by pocket formation and/or recession of the gingiva, resulting in inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth, progressive attachment, and bone loss.
- Prevalent in adults, but can occur at any age.
- Progression of attachment loss usually occurs slowly, but periods of rapid progression can occur.
From manifestation of systemic diseases:
- Often begins at a young age.
- Systemic conditions such as heart disease, respiratory disease, and diabetes are associated with this form of periodontitis.
Necrotizing periodontal disease
also known as trench mouth:
- Severe form of gingivitis that causes painful, infected, bleeding gums and ulcerations.
- Most commonly observed in individuals with systemic conditions such as HIV infection, malnutrition and immunosuppression.