What are the Forms of Periodontitis?

The most common forms of Periodontitis are:


Early Perioidontis


Aggressive Perioidontis

  • Occurs in patients who are otherwise clinically healthy.
  • Common features include rapid attachment loss, bone destruction, and familial aggregation (more cases of a given disorder in close relatives of a person with the disorder than in control families.

Chronic Perioidontis

  • Most frequently-occurring form of periodontitis.
  • Characterized by pocket formation and/or recession of the gingiva, resulting in inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth, progressive attachment, and bone loss.
  • Prevalent in adults, but can occur at any age.
  • Progression of attachment loss usually occurs slowly, but periods of rapid progression can occur.

From manifestation of systemic diseases:

  • Often begins at a young age.
  • Systemic conditions such as heart disease, respiratory disease, and diabetes are associated with this form of periodontitis.

Necrotizing periodontal disease

also known as trench mouth:

  • Severe form of gingivitis that causes painful, infected, bleeding gums and ulcerations.
  • Most commonly observed in individuals with systemic conditions such as HIV infection, malnutrition and immunosuppression.