What are the Forms of Periodontitis?

The most common forms of Periodontitis are:


Early Periodontitis


Aggressive Periodontitis

  • Occurs in patients who are otherwise clinically healthy
  • Common features include rapid attachment loss, bone destruction, and familial aggregation (more cases of a given disorder in close relatives of a person with the disorder than in control families)

Chronic Periodontitis

  • Most frequently-occurring form of periodontitis
  • Characterized by pocket formation and/or recession of the gingiva, resulting in inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth, progressive detachment, and bone loss
  • Prevalent in adults, but can occur at any age
  • Progression of attachment loss usually occurs slowly, but periods of rapid progression can occur

manifestation of systemic disease

  • Often begins at a young age
  • Systemic conditions such as heart disease, respiratory disease, and diabetes are associated with this form of periodontitis

Necrotizing periodontal disease

also known as trench mouth:

  • Severe form of gingivitis that causes painful, infected, bleeding gums and ulcerations
  • Most commonly observed in individuals with systemic conditions such as HIV infection, malnutrition, and immunosuppression