MANAGEMENT OF GUM DISESE

Prevention

The goal, of course, is to avoid gum disease treatment. This is not always possible because of the many factors that may contribute to an oral condition. However, some basic principles apply for both preventing initial gum disease and repairing the oral environment during and after any necessary professional dental intervention.

GoodOralHygiene

Practice good dental hygiene

GetRegularCheckups

Get regular check-ups, at least every six months

EatHealthy

Eat a healthy and well-balanced diet

NoSmoking

Don't smoke

BrushTeeth

Brush at least twice a day

Mouthwash

Rinse with an antimicrobial mouthwash

Floss

Floss daily

Treatment

Once gingivitis or periodontitis is diagnosed by a dental professional, the main goal of treatment is to control the infection.

The types of treatment will vary, depending on the extent of the gum disease. Typical treatments may include:

DeepCleaning

Deep Cleaning (Scaling and Root Planing)

The dental professional removes the plaque through a deep-cleaning method called scaling and root planing. Scaling scrapes off the tartar from above and below the gum line. Root planing gets rid of rough spots on the tooth root where the germs gather, and helps remove bacteria that contribute to the disease. A laser may be used to remove plaque and tartar.

Medications

Medications

Medications may be used along with treatment that includes scaling and root planning but cannot always take the place of surgery. Surgical treatment may still be required, depending on how far the disease has progressed. Studies are ongoing to determine if medications alone can reduce the need for surgery and whether they are effective over a long period of time.

ExxclOralNightguard

Non-surgical Alternative – EXXCL Oral Blue

A painless, non-toxic solution which penetrates the dental biofilm and kills the microbial inhabitants. The protocol for bleeding gums is brushing with EXXCL Oral Blue Toothpaste and rinsing with the Oral Irrigant; results are seen within a few days. The protocol for gingivitis and periodontitis is wearing a periodontal nightguard filled with Oral Irrigant foam overnight for approximately 12-14 weeks, depending on the severity of the infection.

SurgicalProcedure

Surgical Procedure

Flap Surgery may be necessary if inflammation and deep pockets remain following treatment with deep cleaning and medications. It involves lifting back the gums, removing the tartar, and suturing the gums back in place so that the tissue fits snugly around the tooth. This removes tartar from deep pockets in order to make the area easier to clean.

BoneTissueGrafts

Bone and Tissue Grafts

In bone grafting, natural or synthetic bone is placed in the area of bone loss to help promote bone growth. Additional techniques, such as guided tissue regeneration and growth factor may be used along with grafting to generate bone. In cases where gum tissue has been lost, a soft tissue graft may be recommended, in which synthetic material or tissue taken from another area of your mouth is used to cover exposed tooth roots

If finances are an issue:

  • Contact your local university to see if they have a dental school with a program that will treat your specific condition.
  • Consider participating in a clinical trial—a research study investigating new ways to prevent, diagnose, or treat disease. Visit http://www.clinicaltrials.gov, “Search Clinical Trials.” Enter periodontal disease in the search box for a list of clinical trials on gum disease for which you may be eligible.

 

For further information on treatment of gum disease, visit